UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE
Dazzle with the extraordinary natural beauty of Parque Nacional Los Glaciares and its striking rugged, towering mountains and numerous glacial lakes including the 160km long Lago Argentino. Explore the place of conservation of worldwide significant marine mammals at Península Valdés in Patagonia, and the Cueva de las Manos from Río Pinturas contains an exceptional assemblage of cave art, executed between 13,000 and 9,500 B.C. Cruise along with the five Estancias Jesuíticas from the Sierras Cordobesas in the centre of the country hosting religious and secular buildings, which illustrate the unique religious, social, and economic experiment carried out in the world for a period of over 150 years in the 17th and 18th centuries. On the desert region on the western border of the Sierras Pampeanas of Central Argentina, you can find the Ischigualasto and Tampaya Natural Parks. Over 275,300 ha area contains the most complete continental fossil record known from the Triassic Period (245–208 million years ago). Admire the northern Camino Del Inca, the archetypal Quebrada de Humahuaca, where Inca Empire remains lie in the 15th and 16th centuries, and the republican action for the independence of Argentina in 19th and 20th centuries. Finally stand in front of the Iguazu National Park, one of the Seven Wonders of the World and it is one of the most spectacular waterfalls in the world. The semicircular waterfall is some 80 m high and 2,700 in diameter and is situated on a basaltic line spanning the border between Argentina and Brazil. On the same region tour around the Jesuit Missions of the Guaraníes built in Guaraní territory in 17th and 18th centuries.
Discover within 50 minutes travel distance from the Ferry Boat from Buenos Aires, the Historical Quarter of the city Colonia del Sacramento. It was founded by the Portuguese in 1680 on the Río de la Plata; the city was of strategic importance in resisting the Spanish for more than a century and consequently fell into their hands. The well-preserved urban landscape illustrates the successful fusion of the Portuguese, Spanish and post-colonial styles.
Explore the archetypal Circuito del Oro. Being the most important city of the Ouro Preto Circuit – designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO – during the gold rush, it consists of 20 cities set deep in the sierras and its origins date back to the 18th century. Attracted by diamond diggers, Diamantina is one of the Circuito del Diamante´s main cities that comprise cities built in the 18th century and whose historical centre was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Make sure you visit the northern city Olinda, the Second city declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and located nearby Recife, is one of the best preserved ones. Salvador, the former capital city of Brasil founded in 1549, undoubtedly constitutes the main attraction in Bahia. It became worldwide known with the movie “Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands” shot at Pelourinho District located in the heart of the city and declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The following sites must be seen: Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Matosinhos built in the second half of the 17th century; Brasilia built ex nihilo in the centre of the country between 1956 and 1960; Serra da Capivara National Park decorated with cave paintings, testimony to one of the oldest human communities of South America; the Historic Centre of Saint Louis; the Discovery Coast Atlantic Forests Southeast Reserve; Pantanal Conservation Area with a total area of 187,818 ha; Central Amazon Conservation Complex is one of the planet’s richest regions in terms of biodiversity; Chapada dos Veadeiros and las Emas National Parks and the Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Explore the city of Cusco, located in the Peruvian Andes, which developed under the Inca ruler Pachacutec, into a complex urban centre with distinct religious and administrative functions. Dazzle with the 2,430 m above sea level Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, located in the heart of a mountain tropical forest .In a landscape of great natural beauty, it was probably the most impressive architectural design of the Inca Empire at its peak. Continue your trip to the Archaeological Site of Chavin gave its name to the culture that developed between 1500 and 300 B.C. in this high valley of the Peruvian Andes. Situated in the Cordillera Blanca, the world’s highest tropical mountain range, Mount Huascarán rises to 6,768 m above sea-level. Do visit the Chan Chan Archeological Site, the capital of the Chimu Kingdom that reached its peak in the 15th century, not long before falling to the Incas. Finally get to know the 1.5 million-ha Manú National Park which has successive tiers of vegetation rising from 150 to 4,200 m above sea-level; and the Historic Centre of Lima, or “City of the Kings”, was until the middle of the 18th century, the capital and most important city of the Spanish dominions in South America.
Discover Rapa Nui, the indigenous name of Easter Island, bears witness to a unique cultural phenomenon. A society of Polynesian origin that settled there c. A.D. 300 established a powerful, imaginative and original tradition of monumental sculpture and architecture, free from any external influence. From the 10th to the 16th century this society built shrines and erected enormous stone figures known as moai , which created an unrivalled cultural landscape that continues to fascinate individuals throughout the world. Get to know nearby Santiago de Chile, the colonial city of Valparaíso that presents an excellent example of late 19th-century urban and architectural development in Latin America. In its natural amphitheatre-like setting, the city is characterized by a vernacular urban fabric adapted to the hillsides that are dotted with a great variety of church spires. It contrasts with the geometrical layout utilized in the plain. The city has well preserved its interesting early industrial infrastructures, such as the numerous ‘elevators’ on the steep hillsides. Go back to the past visiting the emblematic Humberstone and Santa Laura works contain over 200 former saltpeter works and it is considered the largest deposit of saltpeter in the world. Furthermore the Churches of Chiloé represent a unique example in Latin America of an outstanding form of ecclesiastical wooden architecture. Situated at 2,000 m in the Andes, Sewell Mining Town was built by the Braden Copper Company in the 20th century, to house workers at what was to become the world’s largest underground copper mine.